Last week, I did a live video on Facebook about my fall container rehab. Click below to see me in action.
It’s time to pull out the old and bring in the new. I threw the old plants on the compost pile. They had a good run, but summer is thankfully over, and it’s time to begin anew.
Fall is a great season for these containers because they actually get enough sun. In summer the container on the right side of the door gets afternoon sun, and the left one is mostly in the shade. It’s hard to pull off anything that looks symmetrical, but I still try. In Autumn, all is forgiven because the oak trees in the front yard begin to lose their leaves.
As I said in the video, in Oklahoma and the rest of the South, we use both cold-weather plants and tropicals in our fall containers. We usually have a long fall season full of coolish nights and warm days, the perfect conditions really, which makes up for our hellish summers. The ornamental grass is Panicum virgatum Hot Rod, a Burpee introduction. It’s a perennial switchgrass, so I’ll remove it in winter and plant it elsewhere on the property. Switchgrasses are among my favorite grasses for the garden, and they come back each year.
Crotons are the big-leaved plants in the container above. A purple-leaved ornamental pepper adds drama and contrasts nicely against the croton and the color of the pot. In the center is a peach and pink celosia, chosen for its fall colors. I then added a few pansies and Lysimachia nummularia, golden creeping Jenny, to hang down the pot’s edge. To keep everything fresh, I’ll be watching for cold nights under 42F so I can cover the whole thing with a clear plastic trash bag, something Helen Weis taught me years ago. Just don’t forget to take off the bag before temperatures rise during the day. Otherwise, the sun will cook your plants.
I went to four stores to find these plants so don’t be surprised if you need to go to more than one nursery or store. No one has everything. I’m off this weekend to find a few mums for the front bed too. I know not everyone is into mums, but I enjoy these bright spots of color in for my fall front border.
Three, two-gallon yellow mums with pansies brighten a dark corner in the front yard. The trees will turn soon, and it will be a riot of color.
Three terracotta pots with yellow mums brighten a dark corner. Soon the Japanese maple and dogwood will change color, and this border will come alive.
Here’s a photo from 2014 where I used crotons instead. Either will work for what I want which is beautiful fall color. Of course, the mums are hardier. Buy mums when the buds barely show color. That way, you’ll get the most bloom for your buck. Don’t buy mums in full bloom. They will fade before you can say, “Boo.”
Croton in a fall container in the front border from a previous year.
Fall garden border with crotons shining in the fading light from 2014.
I often use pumpkins, but I can’t decide if I want to mess with them this year. After looking at these photos from previous years, I may not be able to stop myself from adding a few here or there.
Pumpkins, peppers and pansies make a great trio in a fall southern garden.
Pumpkins in the creeping Jenny
Three gorgeous pumpkins with violas all around them.
Pumpkins of all colors and stripes were available in 2010 when I took this photo.
Large curly kale with pumpkins and pansies. This kale will mature to have a large hot pink center. It is ‘Kamome Red’. I also love the other frilly kales and ‘Redbor’ too.
After last week’s beautiful summer foliage post, I promised you another entry devoted entirely to coleus. I’m crazy ’bout coleus, and I think you will be too when you consider all the summer gardening possibilities. As I’ve written before, tropical plants are a summer garden’s best friend. That’s not to say I don’t like flowers. You know I love flowers, and gardens definitely need flowers in spring, summer and fall to stock your pollinator buffet.
There was a time when I didn’t think much about coleus. Sure, they were pretty, but you could only grow them in the shade, and they took tons of water. I don’t have that much shade. I never have, and I felt there were plenty of shade plants from which to choose without including a lot of coleus– my apologies to the Wizard and Kong shade coleus series. Both of these shade loving coleus series are simply grand. Even my front beds, primed to explode in spring, get plenty of afternoon sun because they face west.
My feelings for coleus deepened when nurseries began offering “sun” varieties. In my opinion, sun tolerant coleus are the best thing to ever happen to a hot summer garden. Even in years where blooms are burned by the sun, many varieties of sun tolerant coleus keep on shining.
I overwinter cuttings of my favorite older coleus varieties in the greenhouse. I do this because every plant isn’t offered each year. Hybridizers are always looking for the next new thing, and they only have so much greenhouse space to grow old favorites from year to year. Everything that goes on delivery trucks also has to be a certain height and size, and with coleus growing at varying rates, it’s a tricky business I’m sure. If you can stack one more level in your trucks, you make that much more money too.
Be assured every big company has its own line of new coleus varieties. How many of those will make it to your local or mail order nursery is all dependent upon what brokers and the big three invest in. Who are the big three? Lowe’s, Wal-Mart and Home Depot. What you see available in the marketplace is partially determined by their buyers for the big three and their ongoing relationships with brands.
Brokers often represent smaller nurseries, and to tell the truth, many smaller operations are leery of investing in newer plant varieties. At the California Spring Trials (CAST), it was interesting to watch hybridizers, seed and plant companies explaining why their newest euphorbia was better than one like Diamond Frost®. That’s only one example and not even a coleus. Many companies now put their best work under trademarked series names like: Main Street™ by Dümmen Orange, Under the Sea® by HortCouture and ColorBlaze® by Proven Winners, etc. Here are more of the coleus series distributed by various companies. Think of these as book or movie sequels like those created by Marvel Comics. Hybridizers hope you will remember the series name and keep coming back for more. Who can blame them? Gardeners clamor each year for new plants, and plant hybridizing in all of its various forms is an expensive business.
Speaking of new varieties to my garden, I ordered a few from Rosy Dawn Gardens that I can’t find anywhere else. I saw some of these last year when I was lucky enough to attend CAST in 2015 with the National Garden Bureau. If it’s new and unique, Rosy Dawn will usually have it. However, their nursery is located in southeastern Michigan so their plants are usually way behind those I grow in my greenhouse. They’re small so I put them in my greenhouse and grow them out a bit before I plant them outside. They do have very nice root balls and acclimate very quickly. Rosy Dawn has old favorites and newer cultivars. I bought three plants of Main Street Wall Street™, two of Main St Sunset Blvd™, one of Trailing Plum Brocade, two of ‘El Brighto,’ two of ‘Spicy,’ one of ‘Stella Red,’ two of ‘Campfire’ and two of ‘Doctor Wu.’
I’m also looking at coleus from Bustani Plant Farm. Incidentally, Steve and Ruth Owens also carry ‘Doctor Wu’ each year, but it’s often sold out before I get to the nursery. Three varieties new to his nursery this year are: ‘Feeding Frenzy,’ ‘Gnash Rambler’ and ‘Frizzy Yellow.’ I grow ‘Gnash Rambler’–of course I do–and it’s a great one. What I love about Bustani’s coleus is that they come in two sizes, the larger pot band (4″ across, but deeper), and the gallon size. So, if you have a spot that quickly needs filling, you can plunk one of those large babies down and fill it. Also, as Steve says, the slower growing varieties perform better in gallon pots.
Some of my favorite coleus varieties came out of the Florida Foundation Seed Producers, Inc., a non-profit corporation and direct support organization of the University of Florida. Are you confused yet? One of the hardest things for me when we attended CAST was understanding all of the various players, from the actual hybridizers to the brokers, to the wholesalers and finally the retailers. It was fascinating and overwhelming, but I’m so glad I went.
I often use coleus in my containers along with purple fountain grass because they hold up so well to the sun. Note, I water with drip irrigation each morning set to a timer that goes off at 6:00 a.m. long before the other irrigation systems start. That way, we don’t overtax our well.
When I can find it, I adore ColorBlaze® Dipt in Wine from Proven Winners. It has the most beautiful coloration and is very strong. On the other end of the spectrum are the duckfoot type coleus. They tend to be more delicate, but they also have such an interesting shape. I put these where they get some shade from larger plants, or I place them on the east side of my house beneath my statue of Mary and shaded by my ‘Graham Thomas’ rose.
Basically, if a coleus you pick looks delicate and trailing, it may be just that in a hot summer climate. Give it a little shade and start a few cuttings somewhere else. Give it a year, and you can see how it performs in various locations. Now, I’m not telling you to take cuttings of trademarked plants because that would be wrong of me, but if a piece broke off, you wouldn’t want it to die would you?
Right about the time the daylilies finish blooming, the coleus and Rudbeckia in various colors and forms take over. It’s a good time to be in the garden then too. What sun tolerant coleus make your garden grand each year?