Summer flowers for summer heat

Sunflower with bumblebee; Summer flowers for summer heat

July temperatures are above normal today, but it is the middle of an Oklahoma summer so I’m not surprised. This post started out as one for Garden Bloggers’ Bloom Day, but I missed the 15th so now it’s about summer flowers for summer heat instead. You can’t go wrong with these tough beauties.

Hemerocallis 'Cherokee Blanket' daylily with Rudbeckia fulgida 'Goldsturm,' a perennial so easy to grow that it's ridiculous. Still, don't plant this black-eyed Susan anywhere that is boggy or wet because it will take over with its underground stems.
Hemerocallis ‘Cherokee Blanket’ daylily on rebloom with a spotted coleus and Rudbeckia fulgida ‘Goldsturm,’ a perennial so easy to grow that it’s ridiculous. Still, don’t plant this black-eyed Susan anywhere that is boggy or wet because it will take over with its underground stems.

I don’t like summer heat, but I do love summer flowers. Other than going out at daybreak to pull a few weeds, take a few pictures and make sure everything is watered, I don’t stay outside much in summer. I prefer movie theaters or a good book instead. Everything growing slows down in summer, and I do too. The past two weeks the mercury has been set between 95F and 98F, with high humidity and mosquitos courtesy of all that life-giving spring rain. I feel like I’m living in Louisiana or maybe Houston, instead of Oklahoma. Who wants to put on bug spray to just take a picture or two?

I did venture out there today though for you. Just look at all the summer bloomers I found.

Tightwad Red crapemyrtle with H. 'Venetian Ruffles' daylily.
Tightwad Red crapemyrtle with H. ‘Venetian Ruffles’ daylily.

Oklahomans and Texans, while you wait for cooler fall temperatures, you need something to make the yard pretty even if you do stay indoors at work or home. Everyone needs summer flowers in their garden repertoire. Otherwise, the grassy weeds will just take over your flower beds. These are the summer flowers I’ve come to rely upon in summer heat. Later, this week, I’ll talk about my favorite foliage plant, coleus, that takes the garden all the way into October.

First, some flowers to grow from seed. There are so many, but these are a few I planted this year. Some actually reseeded from previous years. When I’m in the garden, and I see a four o’clock from the Salmon Sunset type I grew a couple of years ago, it makes me smile. Mother Nature is one of the best garden designers even if she is a bit messy.

Salmon Sunset four  o'clocks closing after a night of partying hard
Salmon Sunset four o’clocks closing after a night of partying hard.

Elsewhere in the garden, I have yellow and white four o’clocks and the pink heirloom type. I don’t put these near each other to keep them from mixing.

Gomphrena that came back from seed. It is a shorter variety.
Gomphrena that came back from seed. It is a shorter variety.

Another flower I once planted that self sows is gomphrena. These are shorter varieties, and they now come back every year. In spring, I pull up many of them because they will crowd out other plantings. You quickly learn the seedling stage of these self sowers. I had some white gomphrena earlier. I only like the pink, purple and red, so I pulled the white ones as they began to bloom. I do the same with the washed out purple larkspur I grow from seed. If a stray purple one shows up, I pull it as soon as it blooms. I want the blue ones, but even blue seed varieties sometimes have errant purple flowers in there too.

If you want a summer blue flower that is easy to grow from seed, try cornflower ‘Blue Boy’ (bachelor buttons.) They are super easy to grow from seed, and in our long summers, you can plant them twice. Simply sow the seed outdoors. Botanical Interests has some very nice seed for these silver-leafed beauties. That ‘Irish Eyes’ rudbeckia was also grown from seed. You can start them indoors and transplant or sow outside. Because they are perennial, they take awhile to get going.

Panicum 'Northwind', 'Blue Boy' bachelor's buttons, Rudbeckia 'Irish Eyes'
Panicum ‘Northwind’, ‘Blue Boy’ bachelor’s buttons, Rudbeckia ‘Irish Eyes’

Glorious sunflowers. You see one in the feature photo above, but here’s a gallery of sunflowers I’m growing this year. I planted all of them from seed that I just sowed outdoors. Sunflowers don’t like to be transplanted which is why your child’s Dixie cup project from kindergarten probably died. Just get some seed and sow it together. Water and watch it grow. Keep an out for caterpillar damage from Checkerspot butterfly larvae. You can spray your plants with Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt.) like Bonide Thuricide Bt. Insect Killer to stop some damage. It’s an organic control. I have a hose-end sprayer of it. The caterpillars eat Bt., and they don’t feel like eating your plants anymore. It doesn’t harm other pollinators. Now, before you think I hate Checkerspot butterflies, I sacrificed many of my beautiful black-eyed Susans to the them. Checkerspots love the fuzzy Rhirta type of Susans. They aren’t as excited about R. fulgida ‘Goldsturm.’ A lot of my pretty cultivars were destroyed all the way up to the flower. I think they’ll come back next spring though so I’m not too worried. Sunflowers, on the other hand, take awhile to grow, are annual and a commitment. I didn’t want to lose them. I bought a lot of my sunflower seed from Renee’s Garden and Botanical Interests. In the past, both companies have given me seeds too.

Zinnias are another summer favorite. I’m surprised that mine aren’t covered in mildew this year from the humidity, but so far, they aren’t. I grow a lot of zinnia seeds. In fact, I turned half of the vegetable garden into a cutting garden this year. The only problem is I can hardly bear to cut the flowers. How silly is that? I love bouquets, but I also love the flowers outside. I’m shaking my head at myself as I write this. As soon as I finish this post, I’m going out there to cut some zinnias. Promise. Two favorite zinnia seed varieties I’m growing this year are ‘Queen Red Lime’ zinnia and ‘Burpee Rose Giant Cactus.’ I bought the latter from Baker Creek, and my ‘Queen Red Lime’ seeds from Chiltern Seeds. However, you can now get them several places in the U.S., and you might get more seed. Chiltern’s was a bit skimpy on them for the price. I’m also growing a ton of other zinnias so I’ll do a gallery of them too. Click on the photos to see them larger.

Stepping away from seed, but maybe not all the way, let me show you some of the black-eyed Susans here. Below is one of many ‘Cherokee Sunset’ varieties. ‘Cherokee Sunset’ is a seed strain so you can get different color variations and sizes along with single and double blooms. How fun is that?

These were terrorized by the aforementioned caterpillars, but the blooms are fine. I didn’t take a photo of my double amber Susan because it is now only blooms with skeletonized leaves. I grew ‘Cherokee Sunset’ from seed last year. I started them indoors and planted outside after frost. They didn’t do much the first year, but this year have been spectacular and tall. The pineapple lilies are also growing well. It’s taken years, but I am now pleased with them.

Eucomis 'Oakhurst' pineapple lily with Rudbeckia hirta Cherokee Sunset.
Eucomis ‘Oakhurst’ pineapple lily with Rudbeckia hirta Cherokee Sunset.

Another R. hirta I’m trying this year is ‘Chocolate Orange,’ a shorter cultivar. Tiny pollinators were all over these flowers when I took photos this morning. They must have good pollen. I will say that mine aren’t as orange as in photos online. They have a much larger yellow band. You can grow these from seed. I bought my plants from our local nursery.

Rudbeckia hirta 'Chocolate Orange'
Rudbeckia hirta ‘Chocolate Orange,’ a shorter variety.

If you like large flowers, and who doesn’t, try perennial Hibiscus ‘Moy Grande.’ I also grow ‘Luna Red’ and a small cranberry one, but none are as beautiful as my giant ‘Moy Grande.’ It would stop traffic if I didn’t live out in the country.

Hibiscus 'Moy Grande.'
Hibiscus ‘Moy Grande.’

Perennial hibiscus are easy to care for. They like full sun and some water, but they aren’t picky about drought or soil. Grasshoppers are their nemesis so you’ll need organic NOLO Bait in spring, or they will eat them to the ground. Perennial hibiscus die back to the ground each winter so cut them back after a freeze or in early spring before they emerge. It’s hard to believe they grow to such a massive size in only a few month. Bumblebees love them so much that I often find one asleep in spent blooms when I deadhead in the morning. The poor, startled little things just fly away.

I have so many other flowers we could discuss, but I bet you’re tired of reading. Save some room in your summer garden for even a few of these wonderful flowers. Remember, too, you can always plant seeds for summer flowers in your vegetable garden. Flowers increase pollination, and there are no veggie police to stop you. It’s your garden. Do what you like.

Buying seeds

So many seeds, so little time.

It’s good and bad when seed catalogs show up in our mail boxes just before Christmas. The good part is they give gardeners something to do when everything outdoors is brown and gray. If you’re lucky and live where you get snow, at least it’s pretty. Here, everything is rather ugly this time of year. Even our grass is brown until April or May. Don’t believe me?

Winter potager and greenhouse; buying seeds
Winter potager and greenhouse

Still don’t?

Another view of the winter landscape in the back garden. The only green thing is that stupid Eastern redcedar that my husband insists on keeping, but that's a subject for another day.
Another view of the winter landscape in the back garden. The only green thing is that stupid Eastern redcedar that my husband insists on keeping, but that’s a subject for another day.

I get sassy in winter when there’s no sun for days on end.

Now, back to our regularly scheduled program: buying seeds. The bad part? I probably don’t need to belabor it, but…. Since we gardeners are feverishly waiting for spring, our eyes can overwhelm our pocketbooks. Does anyone even say pocketbook anymore? Perhaps, not. Who cares? I always liked that word.

Anyway, before I buy one packet of new seed, I am going to inventory the seed I already have. I went positively bonkers on bulbs and corms last fall so I need to spend my kitchen garden budget wisely. For the ornamental garden, I have a lot of plants in the greenhouse, but maybe not as many as last year. The first year of the greenhouse I simply overwhelmed myself with plants. I had to keep giving them away.

Pennisetum 'Princess Caroline' (grown as an annual in OK), Vista Bubblegum Pink petunia and a grass that was supposed to be Pennisetum alopecuroides 'Hameln' (perennial dwarf fountain grass), but isn't.  This photo was from 2011 when we had the terrible heat wave.
Pennisetum ‘Princess Caroline’ (grown as an annual in OK), Vista Bubblegum Pink petunia and a grass labeled Pennisetum alopecuroides ‘Hameln’ (perennial dwarf fountain grass), but isn’t. This photo was from 2011 when we had the terrible heat wave.

I am only sad I didn’t dig up Pennisetum purpureum ‘Princess Caroline’ shown in the photo above. September was simply too hot to manhandle her, and I was too tired. I hope I find her somewhere locally. Maybe Bustani Plant Farm will carry her again this year. Maybe.

I am really scattered today. Again, back to seeds and seed buying. Here are my favorite catalogs this year. You can read about my previous fave seed catalogs too, if you want.

Franchi Seeds come in large packages, and you get a lot of seeds for your money.
Franchi Seeds come in large packages, and you get a lot of seeds for your money.

Seeds from Italy. I think I will order a few special things from Franchi before I hit publish on this post. Last year, I waited too long, and they were completely sold out. I like Franchi seeds because they have unusual and beautiful varieties of open-pollinated vegetables, herbs and flowers. Also, they are extremely generous with the number of seeds in each packet. Plus, it’s hot in Italy in the summer. It’s hot here too. ‘Nuff said.

Three views of the Chiltern Seeds catalogs. They are long and narrow this year.
Three views of the Chiltern Seeds catalogs. They are long and narrow this year.

Chiltern Seeds. My friend, Fairegarden, turned me onto Chiltern. I love them for flower seeds we can’t seem to get from companies in America. They are very generous with the number of seeds per packet too. They aren’t cheap so I alway check with a U.S. company first. One of my best foliage plants ordered from Chilterns was Amaranthus tricolor ‘Tricolour splendens perfecta.’ I guess the amaranths are in a taxonomy change again, but I’m going with the name I bought it under. I’ll also be buying Zinnia ‘Queen Red Lime.’ I see that Chilterns has some wonderful selections of Chinese vegetables this year. Pretty exciting stuff and a very serious catalog. The Brits all use botanical names so be ready to do some searching online for the common name too. One more thing I like about European gardeners, they call eggplants aubergine. It’s a prettier name for that gorgeous and great tasting vegetable. Also, if you haven’t tried pak choy (bok choy) yet, you should. It’s delicious.

Cover of the Rare Seeds catalog from Baker Creek.
Cover of the Rare Seeds catalog from Baker Creek.

For real reading pleasure, try the Whole Seed Catalog from Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds. This is more book than catalog. You can order it online, and I’ve seen it various places around town. I know our Natural Grocers carry it. They also carry Baker Creek’s magazine, Heirloom Gardener, which publishes four issues per year, I think. I’ve been very impressed with the last couple of issues of Heirloom Gardener because their topics are far-ranging and more than how-to articles. I’m grateful for the history lessons. I bought the winter issue off of the newsstand last week. Baker Creek also has a smaller catalog if you don’t want the larger one. Of course, any seeds from Baker Creek are open-pollinated heirlooms. They don’t carry hybrids.

Lumpy Red tomato
‘Lumpy Red’ tomato, an indeterminate heirloom that made beautiful lumpy tomatoes all summer.

Hybrids are not necessarily a bad thing. Lately, they’ve gotten a bad rap because people confuse them with GMOs. Hybrid seeds and plants are not genetically modified organisms. Hybrids are natural, controlled crosses of plants. Sometimes, especially with some tomatoes in the South, it’s a good idea to look for hybrids with built-in disease resistance, heat tolerance and resistance to pathogens like root knot nematodes. However, many heirloom tomatoes also perform well in my garden, and they have more complex flavor notes than some hybrids. Because I never know what kind of summer I’m going to have, I grow both heirlooms and hybrid varieties selected for the South. Here are some of my recent tomato selections. ‘Marianna’s Peace,’ ‘Black Krim,’ ‘Cherokee Purple,’ ‘Beefmaster’ and ‘Lumpy Red’ all grow well in my climate. I talk about my favorite black Russian tomatoes here. If that’s not enough to whet your appetite for starting your own tomatoes from seed, here’s another tomato post. I haven’t decided what tomatoes I’m starting from seed this year, but I need to decide soon.

Part of my potager, summer 2010.
Part of my potager, summer 2010.

I explain more about hybrids, GMOs and heirloom plants in my book, The 20-30 Something Garden Guide: A No-Fuss, Down and Dirty, Gardening 101 for Anyone Who Wants to Grow Stuff.

The 20-30 Something Garden Guide, by Dee Nash
The 20-30 Something Garden Guide.

Also, when buying seed, consider where the seeds are grown and harvested. I noticed on Baker Creek’s website that they now have a William Woys Weaver collection of open-pollinated heirloom seeds collected by Weaver as part of The Roughwood Seed Collection. I like his recent article on zinnias. You know how much I love zinnias in my garden. Weaver is a seedsman and food historian from Devon, PA, and he is also a contributing editor to Mother Earth News. The seed collection started with some baby food jars containing seed his grandfather and friends collected, saved, labeled and grew. Weaver found this treasure at the bottom of a freezer when helping his grandmother clean house. If you read the seed descriptions, much it was collected in the Mid-Atlantic and eastern parts of the U.S. If you live in an area where summers are traditionally cool, this would be a great seed collection to peruse. However, just because you live where summers are hot doesn’t mean you shouldn’t grow from this collection. I just wouldn’t stake my whole garden on it.

Open-pollinated, heirloom seeds that are grown, selected and saved in a particular area become more attuned to the conditions and challenges in that part of the country. If you buy heirloom seeds from a different climate and then grow them over a period of years in yours, selecting seeds from the plants that perform best in your garden, you are creating heirlooms selected for your conditions in your part of the country. Does that make sense? It’s the process of natural selection. That’s why heirlooms saved over many generations are as rare and precious as rubies.

Of course, saving seeds from hybrids is pointless because you don’t know what you’ll get. I usually buy starter plants from Bonnie Plants when I’m going to grow a hybrid tomato, pepper or eggplant. As you can see from this map, some Bonnie Plants are grown in my state, and they perform extraordinarily well here. Bonnie Plants also stocks some of the more familiar heirloom plants. Plus, locally, TLC Nursery is now stocking heirloom vegetable plants from a local farm. Sunrise Acres also stocks organic starter plants at the Oklahoma City Farmer’s Market. I can’t possibly grow everything I want to from seed so I save my seed starting for plants I really want to try which I can’t find anywhere else.

The Southern Exposure Seed Exchange catalog is still free.
The Southern Exposure Seed Exchange catalog is still free.

For seeds more attuned to my climate, I turn to the Southern Exposure Seed Exchange. I have great luck each year with their seed varieties. I am going to grow ‘Alabama Blue’ collards this spring. I’ll let you know how it goes. I think I will also read Epic Tomatoes: How to Select and Grow the Best Varieties of All Time, by Craig Lehoullier. He gardens in North Carolina and ‘Cherokee Purple,’ which he introduced years ago, is one of my best performers every year.

I also like Johhny’s Selected Seeds although they aren’t located anywhere near my region. I do buy cold-weather crops from them including beets, turnips, winter lettuce, kale and spinach. I laugh, though, when I read about summer lettuce. Like, what is that? I’m kidding. I know gardeners in cooler climates can grow some lettuces all summer. Alas, lettuce, in Oklahoma and Texas, is grown in spring, late fall and then held over in winter in a cold frame. I really enjoyed ‘Drunken Woman Frizzy-Headed’ lettuce last year. Although a butterhead variety, along its stems, it had the crunch of an iceberg. Very prolific and delicious.

Cover of 2015 Botanical Interests Seed Catalog.
Cover of 2015 Botanical Interests Seed Catalog, one of my favorite companies.

I can’t forget Botanical Interests Seeds either. They have beautiful flower and vegetable varieties, and the company is owned and run by such good people. Also, their seed packets are full of useful information. In fact, I profiled one of their seed packets in my book. Oh, and Territorial Seed Company is another favorite. I’ve bought from them for years. See how hard it is to choose?

This post is longer than I expected, and I’ve bought a few more packets of seed as I wrote it. Such is life. Now, please tell me which seed companies you buy from most often and why. We can all learn from each other in this garden journey. I’d also love to hear of one new vegetable, herb or flower you’re trying from seed in 2015. I’m trying parsnips, but probably in the fall.